Follow these tips and instructions on how to frame and hang doors. Following these instructions can save you time and effort, while helping you to end up with a neater, more satisfactory installation.
Framing a Door
Framing a door is a simple task when you follow a few simple instructions. Decide where each door is to be located when you are installing studs, plates and shoes for a new wall (Fig. 1). Follow these same basic instructions when you're cutting a door through an existing stud wall. Use metal, lumber connector brackets to make nailing your door frame together easier.
The 2x3 or 2x4 that Is nailed to the floor to provide a base for the studs is referred to as a "shoe." The 2x4's placed in an upright position to support the wall are referred to as "studs." The 2x4 laid on top of the studs is referred to as a "plate."
The size of this opening will vary depending on the size of the door you plan to install. A typical door opening is about 2'8". Measure the door carefully and cut the opening to fit.
Next, cut and insert studs on each side of the door area (Fig. 2). Make this opening the width of the door plus 6". The extra 6" allows for the width of the door facing on both sides.
Now, measure the height of the door to be installed. Cut 2x4's to the height of the door plus 1". Install these studs on either side of the door as illustrated in Fig. 3.
There are two ways to finish the header area over the door frame. The first is to cut two 2x4's to a length equal to the width of the original opening and insert them to form a header above the door (Fig. 4). Nail these header pieces together securely when they are placed in position.
Next, measure the distance from the top of the header plate to the ceiling plate and cut "cripple studs" to this length (Fig. 5). Insert three cripple studs in the space above the door header as illustrated, Toenail these cripple studs to the header above the door and to the plate at the top of the studs.
The other method is to cut two 2xl0's to a width of the original opening. Place 1/2" plywood spacers between the pieces of 2xl0 and nail them together (Fig. 6). Insert them to form the header above the door (Fig. 7).
Insert the door jamb in the space you have now created (Fig. 8). This door jamb is normally purchased ready-cut for installation.
Fig. 9 shows the details on installing a door jamb and casing. Study this drawing carefully before attempting to install the door jamb. These same parts of the jamb are installed whether the jamb is Purchased ready-cut or is out on the job.
In some cases, the casing on an outside door frame is nailed directly to the studs. In other cases, the casing is nailed over the sheathing. The thickness of the interior wallboard and the sub-sheathing determines how the door jamb is installed.
Insert a filler strip to make the door jamb fit the installation, if needed.
Add finish framing to the door after applying the paneling, drywall or other wall material (Fig. 9). Head and side casings finish off the opening for the door.
Hanging a Door
The first step in hanging a door is determining whether it is to be hung right- hand or left-hand. A right-hand door means the hinge is added to the right side, while a left-hand door means the hinge is on the left side.
The hand of a door is always determined from the outside. For an entrance way, this means the street side.
The "outside" of an interior door is the side from which the hinges are not available, and the door opens away from you.
Although you can hang doors accurately without a butt gauge, you may want to acquire this handy tool if you plan to hang many doors. It makes the job much easier (Fig. 10).
Place the flange of the butt gauge against the jamb or the side of the door as you would a regular T-square (Fig. 11). Mark the position where the hinge is to be attached with a scratch awl or a penknife. This will give you square lines where the hinge is to be attached.
Determine the width of the hinge to be applied, and set the butt gauge to the correct width (A, Fig. 12). The setback of the hinge is illustrated, too (B). This is usually about 1/4". This setback hides the hinge when it is recessed into the door.
Loose pin butt hinge specifications for wood doors
|Doors larger than 5' should have three butt hinges, one for each 2-1/2 ft. of height|
|Door||Butt Hinge Size|
|Cupboard||3/4", 7/8"||Up to 24"||2-1/2"|
|Screen||7/8" to 1-1/8"||Up to 36"||3"|
|Doors||1-1/8" to 1-3/8"||Up to 32"||3-1/2"|
|1-1/8" to 1-3/8"||32" to 37"||4"|
|1-9/16", 1-3/4", 1-7/8"||Up to 32"||4-1/2"|
|1-9/16", 1-3/4", 1-7/8"||32" to 37"||5"|
|1-9/16", 1-3/4", 1-7/8"||37" to 43"||5" Ex Heavy|
|1-9/16", 1-3/4", 1-7/8"||43" to 50"||6" Ex Heavy|
|2", 2-1/4", 2-1/2"||Up to 43"||5" Ex Heavy|
|2", 2-1/4", 2-1/2"||43" to 50"||6" Ex Heavy|